Appendix

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Definitions of Child Care Abuse (CSA), Prevalence Rates, and Sample-Level Effect Sizes (i.e.) Psychological Correlates in Using College Student Samples

Note

a [In 'column' 1:] U = only unwanted sex included in definition;
   a = all types of sex, unwanted and willing, included.
   [In 'column' 2:] C = only physical contact sex included in definition;
   b = both contact and noncontact experoenced included.
   Next, upper age of "child" is given first; then, the minimum age of other person is given
   (e.g.,   w/ 5+ means with someone at least 5 years older); last, other conditions for CSA are
    given.
b Ns are number of subjects used for prevalences; may be different from effect size Ns.
   Under CSA, percentage of sample with CSA experiences is provided.
c Ns are numbers of subjects in analysis of psychological correlates of CSA;
  rs are the sample-level effect sizes. "Reaction data only" indicates data were availble only
  for self-reported reaction of effects.
d Dashes indicate that an effect size for psychological correlates was not computable - only
  data for self-reported reactions or effects were provided.
e Represents N and r for female and male students combined; rsults were not reported separately, thus the dashes on the next row.
 

Study Gen-
der
Operational definition
of CSAa
Prevalenceb Sample-level
effect sizesc
N CSA N r
Alexander & Lupfer (1978)

F

U C (not specified), relative

   586

25%

   431

  .02

Bailey & Gibbons (1989)

F

a ? self-labeled as "sexually molested"    294 13%   294 .04
Beckman & Burns (1990) F a b <12 w/ "adult"    198 10%    182   .04
Bendixen, Muus & Schei (1994) F U b <18    510 19%    510   .15
Bendixen, Muus & Schei (1994) M U b <18    486   3%    486   .08
Bergdahl (1983) F a b <18 w/ "adult"    430 36%    355   .11
Brieree & Runtz (1988a, 1988b, 1990 F a C <15 w/ 5+    278 15%    224   .12
Brubaker (1991) F a C <16 w/ 5+    284 18%    155   .13
Brubaker (1994) F a C <16 w/ 5+    400 25% -- --d
Cole (1988) F a C <18 w/ 5+; unwanted peer 2,740 21%    128   .10e
Cole (1988) M a C <18 w/ 5+; unwanted peer 2,279 17% -- --
Collings (1995) M U b <18    284 29%    284   .17
Condy et al. (1987) M a C <16 w/5+ or 16 or over    359 16% -- --d
Edwards & Alexander (1992) F a C <16 w/5+ or force;
16-18 w/10+ or wanted
   103 44%      97   .14
Everill & Waller (1995) F U b <18      69 71%      69   .09
Finkelhor (1979, 1984) F a b <13 w/ > 16;
13-16 w/ 10+ (relative or unwanted)
   530 19%    536   .11
Finkelhor (1979, 1984) M a b <13 w/ > 16;
13-16 w/ 10+ (relative or unwanted)
   226   9%    260   .12
Fisher (1991) F a b <puberty w/ 4+    325 19% -- --d
Fisher (1991) M a b <puberty w/ 4+    327   7% -- --d
Fishman (1991) M a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+ or unwanted    148 18%    148 -.04
Fritz, Stoll & Wagner (1981) F a C <puberty w/ "post adolescent"    540   8% -- --d
Fritz, Stoll & Wagner (1981) M a C <puberty w/ "post adolescent"    412   5% -- --d
Fromuth (1984, 1986) F a b < 13 w/ 5+ or 16 or over; 13-16 w/ 10+    482 22%    383   .08
Fromuth & Burkhart (1989) [MW] M a b < 13 w/ 5+ or 16 over; 13-16 w 10+    253 15%    249   .11
Fromuth & Burkhart (1989) [SE] M a b <13 w/ 5+ or 16 or over; 13-16 w/ 10+    329 13%    324   .00
Gidycz et al. (1993) F a b <14    857 54%   831   .15
Gidycz, Hanson & Layman (1995) F a b <14    796 59%    159   .11
Goldman & Goldman (1988) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+    603 28% -- --d
Goldman & Goldman (1988) M a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+    388   9% -- --d
Greenwald (1994) F a b <17 w/ 5+; >17 w/ 10+; unwanted; intrafamilial    214 41%    214   .03
Greenwald (1994) M a b <17 w/ 5+; >17 w/ 10+; unwanted; intrafamilial    213 32%    213 -.09
Harter, Alexander &Neimeyer (1988) F a C <18 w/ relative who was 5+ 1,066 13%      85   .16
Hatfield (1988) M a C <14 w/ 5+    213 12%    213   .06
Hauhaard & Emery (1989) F a b <16 w/ 5+ or 16 or over    672 12%    186     .11e
Hauhaard & Emery (1989) M a b <16 w/ 5+ or 16 or over    420   5% -- --
Higgins & McCabe (1994) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-18 w/ 10+    199 24%    199   .16
Hrabrowy (1987) F U b <16    383 28%    383   .05
Jackson et al. (1990) F a C <18 w/ relative who was 5+      40 n/a      40   .36
Kinzl et al. (1994, 1995) F a b <18, unwanted peer, sex now considered abuse    202 22%    201   .08
Klein-Trull (1990) F a C <17wW/ 5+ or unwanted    271 11%      58   .19
Lam (1994) F a b <14 w/ adult or unwanted    264 18%    260   .01
Landis (1956 F a b through adolescence w/ older partner 1,029 35% -- --d
Landis (1956 M a b through adolescence w/ older partner    467 30% -- --d
Long (1993) F a b <13 w/ 3+, authority figure    305 18%   305   .10
Long & Jackson (1993) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+   137 n/a -- --d
Maggio (1984) F a b <17 w/ 6+    244 35%   477 -.02e
Maggio (1984) M a b < 17 w/ 6+    233 36% -- --
Moor (1992) F U b <17 w/ 5+    437 18%   321   .16
Nash & West (1985) F a b <16 w/ 5+      92 54% -- --d
O'Neill (1991) F a b <13 w/ 5+, 13-16 w/ 10+    365 17% -- --d
O'Neill (1991) M a b <13 w/ 5+, 13-16 w/ 10+    206 17% -- --d
Pallotta (1992) F a C <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+;
<17 unwanted relative
   275 20%   257   .13
Peters & Range (1995) F U b <12 w/ 5+    135 20%   266   .11e
Peters & Range (1995) M U b <12 w/ 5+    131   8% -- --
Pizzolo (1990) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/10+; relative, unwanted peer    308 23%   298   .13
Predieri (1992) M a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 8+; unwanted peer    557   6%      62   .15
Preuss (1988) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-17 w/ 10+; force    402 50%    402   .05
Preuss (1988) M a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-17 w/ 10+; force    288 20%    288   .04
Rau (1994) M U b <12 w/ 5+; 12-16 w/ 10+      60 n/a      60   .10
Rew, Esparza & Sands (1991) F U b <18 w/ older partner    111 50%    111   .11
Rew, Esparza & Sands (1991) M U b <18 w/ older partner    160 23%    160   .21
Risin & Koss (1987) M a b <13 w/ 5+; 13 w/ 8+; unwanted peer 2,922   7% -- --d
Roland, Zelhart & Dubes (1989) F U b <pubescence w/ 5+    171 30%    171   .40
Sarbo (1985) F a b <12 w/ > 16; <16 w/ relative > 16; unwanted    154 40%    154   .02
Sarbo (1985) M a b <12 w/ > 16; <16 w/ relative > 16; unwanted    112 22%    112   .055
Schultz & Jones (1983) F a b <12 w/ 16 or over n/a n/a -- --d
Schultz & Jones (1983) M a b <12 w/ 16 or over n/a n/a -- --d
Sedney & Brooks (1984) F a b "while growintg up"    301 17%    102   .15
Silliman (1993) F ?? (not specified)      66 n/a      66 -.25
Smolak, Levine & Sullins (1990) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+    298 23%    269   .12
Urquiza (1989) M a C <18 w/ 5+ 2,016 17%      88   .16
West & Woodhouse (1993) M a b <11 w/ 16 or over; 11-16 w/ 18 or over    182 37% -- --d
White & Strange (1993) F U b <17 w/ 18 or over who was 5+    131 14%    105 -.01
Wisniewski (1990) F a b <14 w/ 5+; unwanted 3,187 29% 3,187   .11
Yama et al. (1992, 1993) F a b <13 w/ 5+; 13-16 w/ 10+    420 10%    156   .21
Zetzer (1991) F U b <18; relative    338 64%    338   .02

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